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Adverbs of place designate a place of action, point of departure or direction of movement. They answer the questions Где? (Where?), Куда? (Where to?), Откуда? (From where?).
The following table illustrates how adverbs of place are grouped depending on the question they answer.
(He's going here.)
отсюда не уйду.
(I'll not move from here.)
(He is there.)
|Он идёт туда.
(He's going there.)
|Он пришёл оттуда.
(He came from there.)
справа от меня.
(He's on my right.)
(He turned to the right.)
от вас дерево.
(You have a tree on your right.)
Most adverbs of place are formed by joining prepositions with nouns in the corresponding case. Playing the role of adverbs, these junctions do not change by gender, number or cases.
Adverbs of place often include genitive and prepositional nouns ending in -y, as in наверху (above), внизу (below), сверху (from above), снизу (from below).
Adverbs of place can be used with the particles -то, -нибудь, кое- to indicate a certain degree of generality or uncertainty:
Adverbs of place can also be used with the negative particles ни and не in front of them. The particle ни is used in personal sentences, while the particle не is used in impersonal sentences. Compare these two examples:
Я никуда не пойду.
(I will not go anywhere.)
Мне некуда пойти.
(I have nowhere to go.)
Note that the verb пойти is in the infinitive because the sentence is impersonal.
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