Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "one's" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.

свой

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Meaning: one's, one's own, my, your, his, her, its, their

Pronunciation: [svoy]

Part of speech: pronoun (своё is used as a neuter pronoun (in the Nominative, Accusative, Prepositional) or as a noun. As a possessive pronoun, it always refers to the subject of the sentence.)

Rank: #66 (see frequency list)



A dog is guarding its toy.
 Example sentences:
  • Он потеря́л свóй рюкзáк.
  • He lost his backpack.
  • Я не могу́ найти́ свою́ кни́гу.
  • I can't find my book.
  • Ребëнок убежáл от свои́х роди́телей.
  • A child ran away from his parents.
  • Мы приéхали к свои́м рóдственникам в Москву́.
  • We came to visit our relatives in Moscow.
  • Ты дóлжен занимáться свои́ми делáми.
  • You have to mind your own business.
  • У нас своя́ картóшка
  • We have our own homegrown potatoes
  • Кáтя ничегó не расскáзывала о свои́х?
  • Katya didn't tell anything about her family?
  • Кáждый стоя́л на своëм.
  • Everybody insisted on their own position.
  • Он ку́рит свою́ сига́ру.
  • He’s smoking his cigar (his own).
  • В кáждом дóме свой зáпах.
  • Each house has its own smell.
  • Она́ говори́т о своём сы́не.
  • She’s talking about her son.
  • Я сдéлал э́ту вáзу свои́ми рукáми.
  • I made this vase with my own hands.
  • Он не мог повéрить свои́м глазáм.
  • He couldn't beliebe his eyes.
  • К своему́ удивлéнию, она смоглá хорошó сдать экзáмен.
  • To her surprise, she could pass the exam.
  • Пéред смéртью он раздáл всë cвоë иму́щество друзьям.
  • Before dying me distributed all his property among his friends.
  • Сажáть ну́жно всë в своë врéмя.
  • Everything has to be planted in its time.


 Idioms and set expressions:
  • он сам не свой = he's not himself
  • в своë врéмя = when the time comes; in due course; at one time
  • умерéть своей смéртью = to die a natural death
  • он не в своëм умé = he's not in his right mind
  • он там свой человéк = he's quite at home there
  • на свой страх и риск = at one's own risk; on one's own account
  • исполнять свой долг = to do one's bit; to do one's duty
  • зарывать свой талант в землю = to hide one's light under a bushel
      literal  to dig one's talent into the ground
  • расширять свой кругозор = to widen one's outlook
  • всюду совать свой нос = to be nosy
      literal  to stick one's nose everywhere
  • своего производства = home-made
      literal  of one's own production
  • жить свои́м умóм = to think for oneself
      literal  to live by one's own mind
 Related words:
  • по-свóему = in one's own way
  • свóйский = simple (informal)
  • свойство = a property, virtue, quality
  • собственный = one's own
  • наш = ours
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Своя́ руба́шка бли́же к те́лу.
  • Charity begins at home.
  •  literal  One's own shirt is closer to the body.
  • Всяк кулик своё болото хвалит.
  • Every cook praises his own broth.
  • Свой своему́ поневóле брат.
  • Blood is thicker than water.
  • Свой дом -- лучшее место.
  • There is no place like home.
  •  literal  One's own home is the best place.
  • На свои́х на двои́х.
  • On Shank's mare.
 Other forms of the word (declensions):
case
singular
plural
masculine
neuter
feminine
Nominative
свой
своё
своя́
свои́
Genitive
своего́
своего́
свое́й
свои́х
Dative
своему́
своему́
свое́й
свои́м
Accusative
(anim/inanim)
своего́/
свой
своё
свою́
свои́х/
свои́
Instrumental
свои́м
свои́м
свое́й
свои́ми
Prepositional
своём
своём
свое́й
свои́х

Vocabulary lesson: By Russificate blog exclusively for MasterRussian

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 MasterRussian.com. All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.



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