Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "to exist" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.


Meaning: to exist, to be

Pronunciation: [soo-shees-tvuh-VAHT']

Part of speech: verb (imperfective aspect, no pair)

Rank: #568 (see frequency list)

You don't live, you exist!
Photo by quinn.anya CC-BY-SA-2.0
 Example sentences:
  • Для э́того слóва существу́ет перевóд?
  • Is there a translation for this word?
  •  literal  Does the translation of this word exist?
  • Cуществу́ют лю́ди, у котóрых есть порази́тельные спосóбности.
  • There're people who have astounding abilities.
  •  literal  People exist who have extraordinal faculties.
  • В э́том райóне существу́ет реáльная опácность землетрясéния.
  • There's a real danger of earthquake in this region.
  •  literal  In this region exist a real danger of earthquake.
  • Существу́ют рáзные мнéния об э́том заболевáнии.
  • There're different opinions about this illness.
  •  literal  Different opinions exist about this illness.
  • Любви́ для негó не существует.
  • Love doesn't exist for him.
  • Вдруг джин исчéз, как бу́дто егó и не существовáло вóвсе.
  • Suddenly the genie disappeared, as if he didn't exist at all.
  • Почему́ ты не мóжешь прócто ей позвони́ть? Для чегó же cуществу́ет телефóн?
  • Why can't you simply call her? What does the phone exist for?
  • Без теáтра онá прócто не моглá cуществовáть.
  • She simply couldn't live without theatre.
  •  literal  She simply couldn't exist without theatre.
  • Онá cуществовáла тóлько на роди́тельские дéньги.
  • She was living only on her parents' money.
  •  literal  She existed only on her parents' money.
  • Ты же не живëшь, ты существу́ешь!
  • You don't have a nice life!
  •  literal  You don't live, you exist!

 Idioms and set expressions:
  • существу́ет мнéние, что... = there's an opinion that...
      literal  there exists an opinion that...
  • он не живëт, а существу́ет = he doesn't have a nice life
      literal  he doesn't live, he exists
  • перестáть существовáть = be closed
      literal  stop to exist
  • cуществовáть безбéдно = to live without economic problems
      literal  exist without poverty
 Related words:
  • существó = creature
  • сущécтвенный = essential, important
  • cущécтвенно = considerably
  • cу́щность = essence
  • быть = to be, exist
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Мы́слю, слéдовательно я существу́ю. (Р.Декарт)
  • I think, therefore I am. (R.Descartes)

Vocabulary lesson: By Russificate blog exclusively for MasterRussian

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.

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Word: дать
Meaning: to give, to let, to allow
Pronunciation: [daht']
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