Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "to sit" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.


Meaning: to sit, be perched, to fit, to be imprisoned, to be inactive, to be idle

Pronunciation: [see-DYEHT']

Part of speech: verb (imperfective aspect)

Rank: #125 (see frequency list)

Two men are sitting in front of a store.
 Example sentences:
  • Али́са сиди́т на сту́ле.
  • Alisa is sitting on a chair.
  • Ба́бочка до́лго сиде́ла на цветке́.
  • The butterfly was sitting on a flower for a long time.
  • Это пальто́ хорошо́ сиди́т на тебе́.
  • This coat fits you well. (informal)
  •  literal  This coat sits well on you.
  • Пиджа́к пло́хо сиди́т на Вас.
  • The jacket does not fit you. (polite)
  •  literal  The jacket sits badly on you.
  • Мы бу́дем сиде́ть в пе́рвом ряду́.
  • We will be sitting in the front row.
  • Я люблю́ сиде́ть во́зле окна́.
  • I love to sit near the window.
  • Пти́ца сиди́т на ве́тке.
  • The bird is sitting on a branch.
  • Сади́тесь, пожа́луйста.
  • Sit down, please.
  • Учителя́ сидя́т без рабо́ты.
  • The teachers are unemployed.
  •  literal  Teachers sit without work.
  • Престу́пник сиди́т в тюрьме́.
  • The criminal is serving a term of imprisonment.
  •  literal  The criminal sits in prison.
  • Я сижу́ на остано́вке и жду авто́бус.
  • I'm sitting at the bus stop and waiting for a bus.
  • Друзья́ пью́т чай, си́дя за столо́м.
  • The friends are drinking tea sitting at the table.
  • Он сиди́т без де́ла.
  • He has nothing to do.
  •  literal  He sits without work.
  • Сиде́ли бы Вы и пома́лкивали!
  • You better sit there and keep quiet! (formal, but rather offensive)
  • Он всегда́ здесь сиди́т, когда́ я прохожу́ ми́мо.
  • He always sits here when I pass by.

 Idioms and set expressions:
  • сидеть без дела = to have nothing to do
      literal  to sit without work / business
  • сидеть без денег = to have no money; to be broke
      literal  to sit without money
  • сидеть в тюрьме = to be imprisoned; to do time
      literal  to sit in prison
  • сидеть под арестом = to be under arrest
  • хорошо сидеть = to fit well (about clothes)
      literal  to sit well
  • плохо сидеть = to not fit well (about clothes)
      literal  to sit badly
  • сидеть сложа руки = to idle one’s time away
      literal  to sit having folded the hands
  • сидеть взаперти = to be shut up
  • сидеть как на иголках = be on tenterhooks
      literal  to sit as on needles
  • сидеть на хлебе и воде = to live on bread and water
  • сидеть до вторых петухов = to burn the midnight oil
      literal  to sit till the second cock
  • сидеть на пороховой бочке = to sit on a keg of powder
  • сидеть на чемоданах = to be packed and waiting to go
      literal  to sit on suitcases
  • сидеть дома = to stay at home; to be at home
      literal  to sit at home
  • сидеть на диете = to be on a diet
      literal  to sit on a diet
  • сидеть на яйцах = to brood; to sit (on eggs)
  • сидеть над уроками = to do homework; to study one's lessons
      literal  to sit over lessons
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Не руби сук, на котором сидишь.
  • Don't cut the bough you are sitting on.
 Verb conjugation:

Present Tense

I сижу́
you (singular) сиди́шь
he, she, it сиди́т
we сиди́м
you (plural) сиди́те
they сидя́т

Past Tense

I, you (singular), he сиде́л
she сиде́ла
it сиде́ло
we, you (plural), they сиде́ли

Future Simple Tense

The imperfective verb сидеть is not used in the Future Simple Tense. Use the perfective verb сесть instead.

Future Compound Tense

I буду сиде́ть
you (singular) будешь сиде́ть
he, she, it будет сиде́ть
we будем сиде́ть
you (plural) будете сиде́ть
they будут сиде́ть

Imperative Mood (Command Form)

you (singular) сиди́
you (plural) сиди́те

View full conjugation table for the verb pair сидеть/сесть

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.

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