Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "oneself" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.

сам

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Meaning: oneself, itself, personally, itself

Pronunciation: [sahm]

Part of speech: pronoun

Rank: #72 (see frequency list)



Have you broken the plate? No, it's got broken by itself.
Photo by noricum, licensed under CC GA 2.0
 Example sentences:
  • Я сам это сдéлаю.
  • I'll do it myself.
  • Тебé самому́ не спрáвиться!
  • You won't be able to do it yourself!
  • Онá хóчет поговори́ть с ним сами́м.
  • She wants to speak to him personally.
  • Я и сам знáю, что оши́бся!
  • I know it myself that I've mistaken!
  • Онá самá виновáта, что вóвремя не нашлá рабóту.
  • She has only herself to blame that she didn't find a job in time.
  • К ней самóй у нас нет никаки́х претéнзий.
  • We have no reason to complain about her personally.
  • Еë cаму́ Cáша ещë никогдá не ви́дел.
  • Sasha has never met her personally yet.
  • Всë самó cобóй получáeтся.
  • Everything is going well by itself.
  • Вы сáми поду́майте, что вы говори́те!
  • Just think of what you're saying here!
  • О них сами́х мы ничегó такóго не говори́ли.
  • We didn't say anything like that about them personally.
  • Он сам о себé плохóго не скáжет, это я́сно!
  • He won't say anything bad about himself, it's clear!
  • Ты разби́л тарéлку? Нет, онá самá разби́лась.
  • Have you broken the plate? No, it's got broken by itself.
  • Cам президéнт приходи́л на завóд и бесéдовал с сотру́дниками.
  • The president himself came to the plant and spoke to the workers.
  • Он самá поря́дочность.
  • He's honesty itself.


 Idioms and set expressions:
  • сам себé хозя́ин (головá) = one's own master
  • сам по себé = by oneself, separately
  • самó собóй (разумéeтся) = it goes without saying
  • сам такóй! = look who's talking
  • э́то говори́т самó за себя́ = it speaks for itself
  • оставáться сами́м собóй = to remain for ever one
  • сам не свoй = sad, angry
 Related words:
  • ли́чно = personally
  • cамостоя́тельный = independant
  • самолëт = an airplane
  • самочу́вствие = a physical state
  • самоуби́йство = suicide
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Сáми с усáми.
  • We weren't born yesterday.
  •  literal  We have mustache ourselves.
  • Не рой другóму я́му - сам в неë попадëшь.
  • Mind you don't fall into your own trap.
  •  literal  Don't dig a hole for another person, you can fall into it yourself.
  • Сам чëрт нóгу слóмит.
  • It's really difficult.
  •  literal  Devil can break his leg.
 Other forms of the word (declensions):
case
singular
plural
masculine
neuter
feminine
Nominative
са́м
само́
сама́
са́ми
Genitive
самого́
самого́
само́й
сами́х
Dative
самому́
самому́
само́й
сами́м
Accusative
(anim/inanim)
самого́/
са́м
само́
саму́
сами́х/
са́ми
Instrumental
сами́м
сами́м
само́й
сами́ми
Prepositional
само́м
само́м
само́й
сами́х

Vocabulary lesson: By Russificate blog exclusively for MasterRussian

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 MasterRussian.com. All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.



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