Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "to understand" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.

понимать

To hear sound, please download the latest version of Adobe Flash Player.


Meaning: to understand, to comprehend, to see, to realize

Pronunciation: [pah-nee-MAHT']

Part of speech: verb (imperfective aspect)

Rank: #138 (see frequency list)

 Example sentences:
  • Это до́лжен понима́ть ка́ждый.
  • Everyone must understand that.
  • Моя́ сестра́ понима́ет по-ру́сски.
  • My sister understands Russian.
  • Все понима́ли, что Ольга шу́тит.
  • Everyone knew that Olga was joking.
  • Я не понима́ю по-ру́сски.
  • I don't understand Russian.
  • Соба́ка понима́ла хозя́ина.
  • The dog was able to understand its master.
  • Я начина́ю понима́ть, что она́ лю́бит меня́.
  • I am starting to realize that she loves me.
  • Что́бы понима́ть труды́ Иммануи́ла Ка́нта, нужна́ подгото́вка.
  • One needs training to understand Immanuel Kant's works.
  • Ищу́ му́жа, кото́рый бу́дет люби́ть и понима́ть меня́.
  • I'm looking for a husband who will love and understand me.
  • Он всё понима́ет, но молчи́т.
  • He understands everything but doesn't say a word.
  •  literal  He understands everything but keeps silent.
  • Я не понима́ю, о чём вы говори́те.
  • I don't understand what you are talking about. (polite or plural)
  • Наско́лько я понима́ю, Вы из Москвы́.
  • As far as I understand, you are from Moscow. (polite or plural)


 Idioms and set expressions:
  • Как это понима́ть? = What does that mean?
      literal  How to understand that?
  • Понимаешь ли, ... = You see, ... (informal)
  • Понимаете ли, ... = You see, ... (formal)
  • понимать что к чему = know what's what; to understand the how and why of things
  • понимать разницу = to understand the difference; to tell apart
  • понима́ть друг дру́га = to understand each other
  • понима́ть друг дру́га с полусло́ва = to be on the same wavelength
      literal  to understand each other with half a word
  • непра́вильно понима́ть = to mistunderstand
      literal  to understand wrong
  • наско́лько я понима́ю = as far as I understand
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Умный понимает с полуслова.
  • A word to the wise is sufficient.
  •  literal  A smart man understands with half a word.
  • Кто шутки не понимает, над тем не шути.
  • Don't laugh at people who don't understand jokes.
 Verb conjugation:

Present Tense

I понима́ю
you (singular) понима́ешь
he, she, it понима́ет
we понима́ем
you (plural) понима́ете
they понима́ют

Past Tense

I, you (singular), he понима́л
she понима́ла
it понима́ло
we, you (plural), they понима́ли

Future Simple Tense

The imperfective verb понимать is not used in the Future Simple Tense. Use the perfective verb понять instead.


Future Compound Tense

I буду понима́ть
you (singular) будешь понима́ть
he, she, it будет понима́ть
we будем понима́ть
you (plural) будете понима́ть
they будут понима́ть

Imperative Mood (Command Form)

you (singular) понима́й
you (plural) понима́йте

View full conjugation table for the verb pair понимать/понять

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 MasterRussian.com. All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.



Got questions?

Ask them in the Russian Questions and Answers — a place for students, teachers and native Russian speakers to discuss Russian grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and other aspects of the Russian language.



















Copyright 2001-2017 MasterRussian.com | Privacy Policy | Contact Us

 Learn Russian every day for free! 
 Clicks the "Like" button below to get daily updates on Facebook!
Click "Add to circles" to learn Russian on Google+



 Search MasterRussian

Custom Search

English » Russian dictionary



Like MasterRussian on Facebook


WORD OF THE DAY
 RSS | iGoogle | My Yahoo!

Word: дом
Meaning: house, home, building
Pronunciation: [dohm]

Learn Russian words »



TODAY'S STREET SIGN



Russian: Милиция
English: Militsia (police)


FOLLOW US ON TWITTER


MasterRussian on Twitter