Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "state " in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.


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Meaning: state , government

Pronunciation: [guh-soo-DAHRS-tvuh]

Part of speech: noun (neuter noun)

Rank: #549 (see frequency list)

Who is the head of state in your country, a prime minister of a president?
Photo by lopnor CC-BY-SA-2.0
 Example sentences:
  • Госудáрство управля́ет óбществом.
  • The State governs the society.
  • Кто у вас главá госудáрства, премьéр-мини́стр и́ли президéнт?
  • Who is the head of State in your country, a prime minister of a president?
  • Расскажи́те мне о географи́ческом положéнии и грани́цах э́тих госудáрств.
  • Tell me about the geographic location and the borders of these countries.
  • СССР бы́л социалисти́ческим госудáрством.
  • The USSR was a socialist state.
  • Нам необходи́мо пострóить правовóе госудáрство.
  • We need to build a law-governed state.
  • Европéйские госудáрства вырази́ли óбщее недовóльство ситуáцией.
  • The European states expressed a general discontent about the situation.
  • Госудáрства-учácтники конферéнции провели́ переговóры.
  • The member nations сarried on negotiations.
  • Госудáрство провелó поли́тику приватизáции.
  • The government сarried out the privatisation politics.
  • Сан-Мари́но - крóшечное госудáрство на территóрии Итáлии.
  • San Marino is a tiny state on the Italian territory.
  • Мы не доверя́ем госудáрству.
  • We don't trust the government.

 Idioms and set expressions:
  • правовóе госудáрство = law-governed state
  • главá госудáрства = head of state
  • теoрия госудáрства = theory of government
 Related words:
  • госудáрь = sovereign, governer; sir
  • госудáрственный = state, governmental
  • cтранá = country, land
  • прави́тельство = government
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Госудáрство - э́то я. (Людóвик XIV)
  • The state, it is me. (Louis XIV)
Case Singular Plural

Vocabulary lesson: By Russificate blog exclusively for MasterRussian

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.

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