Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "house" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.

дом

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Meaning: house, home, building, household

Pronunciation: [dohm]

Part of speech: noun (masculine noun)

Rank: #100 (see frequency list)



"Gingerbread House" in Essex, Connecticut, USA
Photo by author CC-BY-2.0
 Example sentences:
  • Вот мой дом.
  • Here's my house.
  • Я живу́ в большо́м до́ме.
  • I live in a big house.
  • Ири́на вы́шла из до́ма.
  • Irina left the house.
  • Библиоте́ка ста́ла мои́м вторы́м до́мом.
  • The library became my second home.
  • В го́роде постро́или но́вый многокварти́рный дом.
  • A new apartment house has been built in the city.
  • Оте́ль располо́жен за дома́ми.
  • The hotel is located behind the houses.
  • Та́ня пришла́ домо́й.
  • Tanya came home.
  • Бу́дьте как до́ма.
  • Feel yourself home. (polite or plural)
  •  literal  Be as at home.
  • Чу́вствуйте себя́ как до́ма.
  • Make yourself at home. (polite or plural)
  • В до́ме была́ всего́ одна́ ко́мната.
  • There was only one room in the house.
  • В Са́нкт Петербу́рге мно́го краси́вых домо́в.
  • There are many beautiful houses in Saint Petersburg.


 Idioms and set expressions:
  • многоквартирный дом = apartment house; condominium
  • на дому́ = at home
  • сумасшедший дом = madhouse
  • вне дома = out of doors
  • уро́ки на дому́ = private lessons
  • чувствовать себя как дома = to make oneself at home
  • не все дома = crazy, loco, mad, lunatic
      literal  not all at home
  • быть в доме хозяином = to rule the roost
      literal  to be a host in the house
  • торговый дом = firm, company
      literal  trading house
  • издательский дом = publishing house
 Related words:
  • до́мик = a little house
  • дома́шний = home, domestic
  • здание = building
  • домо́й = (adverb) home, homewards, to the house
  • жили́ще = dwelling, housing
  • домово́й = brownie, house-spirit
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Без хозяина дом сирота.
  • No eye like the eye of the master.
  •  literal  Without the master house an orphan.
  • В гостях хорошо, а дома лучше.
  • It is good to be visiting, but it is better at home.
  • До́ма стены помогают.
  • My house is my castle.
  •  literal  At home walls help.
 Other forms of the word (declensions):
Case Singular Plural
Nominativeдо́мдома́
Genitiveдо́мадомо́в
Dativeдо́мудома́м
Accusativeдо́мдома́
Instrumentalдо́момдома́ми
Prepositionalдо́медома́х
Locativeна дому́-
Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 MasterRussian.com. All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.



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