Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "to" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.


Meaning: to, up to, till, until, before, nearly

Pronunciation: [doh]

Part of speech: preposition

Rank: #53 (see frequency list)

There are 800 kilometers from Moscow to Kazan.
Photo by Adam Jones, Ph.D., licensed under CC-BY-SA-2.0
 Example sentences:
  • Извини́те, до магази́на далекó?
  • Excuse me, how far is the shop?
  •  literal  Excuse me, is it far to the shop?
  • Вы не скáжете, как мне дойти́ до университéта?
  • Could you tell me how can I get to the university?
  • От Москвы́ до Казáни – 800 киломéтров.
  • There are 800 kilometers from Moscow to Kazan.
  • Твой сын ужé умéeт считáть до десяти́?
  • Can your son count to ten already?
  • C чácу до двух меня́ не бу́дет в óфисе.
  • I won't be in the office from one to two o'clock.
  • Доку́да ты éдешь? До Ту́лы.
  • Till where are you going? Till Tula.
  • Мы засидéлись в гостя́х до пóзднего вéчера.
  • We stayed at our friend's house till late at night.
  • Ну́жно ждать до тех пор, покá он не придëт.
  • You have to wait until he comes.
  • До войны́ он рабóтал на завóде.
  • He worked in a factory before the war.
  • В рецéпте напи́сано, что лекáрство нáдо принимáть до еды́.
  • In the prescription, it's written that you have to take the medicine before meals.
  • Ты наконéц дозвони́лся до начáльника?
  • Have you finally reached the boss (on the phone)?
  • Он дочитáл кни́гу до концá и улыбну́лся.
  • He read the book till the end and smiled.
  • Вы мóжете взять с собóй ручну́ю кладь до пяти́ килогрáммов.
  • You can take hand luggage up to five kilograms.
  • У неë до ты́сячи рéдких монéт.
  • She has nearly a thousand rare coins.
  • Уйди́, мне не до тебя́!
  • Leave me, I have no time for you!

 Idioms and set expressions:
  • до нáших дней = to our time, to this day
  • до сих пóр = till now
  • до тех пóp = till then
  • до послéдней кáпли = to the last drop
  • до изнеможéния = till one drops
  • мне не до вас = I have no time for you
  • ей не до э́того = she is busy with other things
  • дойти́ до ру́чки = reach the end of the line
      literal  reach the handle
  • пей до дна! = bottoms up!
      literal  drink till the bottom!
 Related words:
  • óколо = nearly
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Рот до ушéй, хоть завя́зочки пришéй.
  • Don't smile too much without any reason.
  •  literal  The mouth reaches the ears, you can sew strings to it.
  • Язык до Ки́ева доведëт.
  • Better to ask the way than go astray.
  •  literal  Your speaking will bring you to Kiev.
  • Не до жи́ру, быть бы жи́ву.
  • Beggars can't be choosers.
  •  literal  It's not about fat, it is about surviving.

Vocabulary lesson: By Russificate blog exclusively for MasterRussian

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.

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