Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "tree" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.


Meaning: tree, wood

Pronunciation: [DYEH-ree-vuh]

Part of speech: noun (neuter noun)

Rank: #435 (see frequency list)

Mum, what is this tree called?
Photo by Ella's Dad CC-BY-2.0
 Example sentences:
  • Мáма, как назывáется э́то дéрево?
  • Mum, what is this tree called?
  •  literal  Mum, how called that tree?
  • В саду́ бы́ло мнóго фруктóвых дерéвьев.
  • There were many fruit trees in the garden.
  • Каки́е дерéвья расту́т в Росси́и?
  • What trees do you have in Russia?
  •  literal  What trees grow in Russia?
  • Не руби́те дерéвья, а сажáйте их!
  • Don't chop trees, plant them!
  • В засóхшем дéреве бы́ло дуплó.
  • There was a hollow in a dry tree.
  • У негó мнóго игру́шек из дéрева.
  • He has many wooden toys.
  •  literal  At him [there're] many toys from wood.
  • Мой муж занимáется резьбóй по дéреву.
  • My husband does сarving.
  •  literal  My husband engaged in carving upon wood.
  • Посмотри́те, вот стари́нный стол крácного дéрева.
  • Look, here's an old mahogany table.
  •  literal  Look, here ancient table [of] red wood.
  • За дерéвьями нé было ви́дно дáчи.
  • You couldn't see the country house behind the trees.
  • В Сиби́ри бóльше хвóйных и́ли ли́ственных дерéвьев?
  • Are there more conifer or broad-leaved trees in Siberia?

 Idioms and set expressions:
  • хвóйное дéрево = conifer
  • ли́ственное дéрево = broad-leaved tree
  • крácное дéрево = mahogany
  • чëрное дéрево = ebony
  • фруктóвое дéрево = fruit tree
  • cруби́ть дéрево = chop a tree
  • посади́ть дéрево = plant a tree
  • постучáть по дéреву = knock on wood
  • резьбá по дéреву = carving
 Related words:
  • деревя́нный = wooden
  • дрéво = tree
  • древécный = arboreal
  • древеси́на = wood
  • куст = bush
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • За дерéвьями лécа не видáть.
  • Not to see the wood for the trees
  •  literal  Not to see the wood behind the trees.
  • По сучку́ дéрево не ту́жит.
  • Don't become sad because of trifles.
  •  literal  A tree doesn't grieve for a branch.
  • От хорóшего дéрева - хорóший плод.
  • From a good tree, good fruit.
Case Singular Plural

Vocabulary lesson: By Russificate blog exclusively for MasterRussian

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.

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Word: давно
Meaning: long ago, a long time ago, for a long time
Pronunciation: [dahv-NOH]
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