Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "without" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.


Meaning: without

Pronunciation: [byehs]

Part of speech: preposition

Rank: #93 (see frequency list)

Why are you not wearing a coat?
Photo by Ed Yourdon CC-BY-SA-2.0
 Example sentences:
  • Почему́ ты хóдишь без пальтó?
  • Why are you not wearing a coat?
  •  literal  Why do you walk without a coat?
  • Мáльчик вырос без роди́телей.
  • The boy grew up without parents.
  • Он был человéком без при́нципов.
  • He was a man without principles.
  • Бéз толку егó cпрáшивать об э́том.
  • It makes no sense to ask him about that.
  •  literal  Without sense ask him about that.
  • Я и без тебя́ прекрácно знáю, что найти́ рабóту тру́дно.
  • I know it perfectly well without you, that it's difficult to find a job.
  • Поспеши́: на часáх ужé без чéтверти три.
  • Hurry up, it's a quarter to three already.
  •  literal  Hurry up: on the clock it's three without a quarter already.
  • Мы женáты без трëх мécяцев пять лет.
  • We've been married for five years less three months.
  • Все без исключéния вы́полнили задáние прáвильно.
  • Everybody without exception did the exercise correctly.
  • Без вас мы не смóжем начáть проéкт.
  • We won't be able to start the project without you. (plural "you")
  • Ветерáны смóгут купи́ть проду́кты без óчереди.
  • The veterans will be able to buy food without waiting.
  •  literal  The veterans will be able to buy products without queue.
  • Ты устáл? Не без тогó.
  • Are you tired? Yes, a little bit.
  •  literal  Are you tired? Yes, not without it.
  • У меня́ и без тогó мнóго рабóты, а тут ещë э́ти перевóды!
  • I really have enough work already, and now I have to do the translations!
  •  literal  I have enough work without it, and now these translations!
  • Когдá они́ жени́лись, онá былá прócто без умá от cчáстья.
  • When they married, she was simply crazy with happiness.
  •  literal  When thay married, she was simply without mind from happiness.
  • Он без концá повторя́ет однó и то же!
  • He is repeating the same things on and on!
  • Мы обойдëмся без вас!
  • We'll do without you!

 Idioms and set expressions:
  • без умá = nuts, crazy, enamoured
      literal  without mind
  • без сил = flat-out
      literal  without forces
  • без концá = on and on
      literal  without end
  • без грошá = penniless
  • без трудá = readily
      literal  without effort
  • без зáпаха = inodorous
      literal  without scent
  • без потéрь = lossless
      literal  without losses
  • без поня́тия = clueless
      literal  without idea
  • без рукавóв = sleeveless
      literal  without sleeves
  • без движéния = motionless
      literal  without motion
  • без сознáния = unconscious
      literal  without consciousness
  • без следá = without a trace
  • пропácть бéз вести = to be missing
      literal  disappear without news
  • без глу́постей! = no nonsense now!
      literal  without stupidities!
  • любóвь без взаи́мности = unrequited love, unanswered love
      literal  love without reciprocity
  • ходи́ть без дéла = to idle, to trapse
      literal  to be going without work
  • быть без средств = to have no funds, to be broke
  • болтáть без у́молку = to yammer
      literal  to chat without silence
  • без тогó = already
      literal  without that
  • не без тогó = a little bit
      literal  not without that
 Related words:
  • безобрáзный = ugly, hideous
  • бездéльник = idler
  • безалкогóльный = alcohol-free
  • бездáрный = untalented, ungifted
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Без трудá не вы́тащишь и ры́бку из прудá.
  • No pain, no gain.
  •  literal  You cannot pull a fish out of the pond without work.
  • Мир не без дóбрых людéй.
  • There're many kind people in this world.
  •  literal  The world is not without kind people.
  • Нет ды́ма без огня́.
  • Nothing is stolen without hands.
  •  literal  There is no smoke without fire.
  • Нет ху́да без добрá.
  • Every cloud has a silver lining.
  •  literal  There's no bad without good.

Vocabulary lesson: By Russificate blog exclusively for MasterRussian

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.

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Word: женщина
Meaning: woman, female life partner
Pronunciation: [ZHEHN-schee-nah]
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