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Usage of Cases in Russian

In Russian, it is the case of a noun that shows what role the noun plays in a sentence. The table below shows how the noun Алексей (a male name) changes by cases.

CASES EXAMPLE
SENTENCES
ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS
Nominative Это Алексей. This is Alexey.
Genitive Мы изучаем таблицу Алексея. We are studying Alexey's chart.
Dative Ученик дал Алексею таблицу. A student gave a chart to Alexey.
Accusative Анна ждёт Алексея. Ann is waiting for Alexey.
Instrumental Таблица написана Алексеем. A chart is written by Alexey.
Prepositional Друзья говорят об Алексее. Friends are talking about Alexey.

First, you may see how important case endings are to show the role of a noun. Note, that the contrasting English equivalents have the name Alexey unchanged.

Second, it should be mentioned that the word order does not affect the meaning of a sentence significantly. For example, the sentence Анна ждёт Алексея has the same meaning as Алексея ждёт Анна as long as you use the accusative of Алексей.

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