Russian Vocabulary - Wedding and Marriage

Learn how to say Russian words for wedding and marriage. This word list will teach you such terms as "bride", "groom" and "wedding ring" that you can use when talking about weddings, wedding registration, and wedding traditions in Russian.

Russian word   English translation   Pronunciation
сва́дьбаweddingSVAHD'-bah
жени́хgroomzhee-NEEKH
неве́стаbridenee-VYEHS-tuh
молодожёныnewlywedsmah-lah-dah-ZHOH-ny
справля́ть сва́дьбуcelebrate one's weddingsprahv-LYAHT' SVAHD'-boo
игра́ть сва́дьбуcelebrate one's weddingeeg-RAHT' SVAHD'-boo
свиде́телиwitnessessvee-DYEH-tee-lee
ша́ферthe best manSHAH-fyehr
подру́жка неве́стыmaid of honorpahd-ROOSH-kuh nee-VYEHS-ty
сва́дебное приглаше́ниеwedding invitationSVAH-deeb-nah-yeh preeg-lah-SHEH-nee-yeh

The words below are used to talk about marriage registration and wedding attributes.

Russian word   English translation   Pronunciation
загс (ЗАГС)registry office, ZAGSzahks
ро́спись в за́гсеcivil ceremony; document signing in ZAGSROHS-pees' vzahk-seh
объяви́ть му́жем и жено́йto pronounce husband and wifeahb'-yah-VEET' MOO-zhem ee zhi-NOY
свиде́тельство о бра́кеmarriage certificatesvee-DYEH-teel'-stvuh uh BRAH-keh
сва́дебное кольцо́wedding ringSVAH-deeb-nah-yeh kahl'-TSOH
обруча́льное кольцо́wedding ringahb-roo-CHAHL'-nah-yeh kahl'TSOH
помо́лвочное кольцо́engagement ringpah-MOHL-vuch-nuh-yeh kahl'TSOH
кольцо́ для помо́лвкиengagement ringkahl'TSOH dlya pah-MOHLF-kee
тамада́toastmaster, entertainertah-mah-DAH

The words below describe Russian wedding traditions and rituals.

Russian word   English translation   Pronunciation
вы́куп неве́стыpaying "ransom" for the brideVY-koop nee-VYEHS-ty
сва́дебный обря́дwedding ceremony
помо́лвкаengagement, betrothal
венча́ниеthe wedding ceremony, traditional ceremony in a church
сватовство́matchmaking
Го́рько!literally, "bitter". A call for newlyweds to kiss after the first toast
деви́чникbachelorette party, hen party
мальчи́шникbachelor party
гуля́ниеfestivities
сва́дебный пирwedding feast
засто́льеfeast
тостtoast
первый тостthe first toast
медо́вый ме́сяцhoneymoon
сва́дебный деньwedding day

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