Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "friend" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.


Meaning: friend, comrade, colleague, fellow, companion, person, individual

Pronunciation: [tah-VAH-risch]

Part of speech: noun

Rank: #210 (see frequency list)

I decided to go to Suzdal to visit a university friend.
Photo by kyllaris, licensed under CC SA 2.0
 Example sentences:
  • Вчерá я с мои́ми товáрищами по рабóте был на корпорати́ве.
  • Yesterday my colleagues and I were at a corporate party.
  • Я реши́л поéхать в Cу́здаль к товáрищу по университéту.
  • I decided to go to Suzdal to visit a university friend.
  • Алексáндр - мой шкóльный товáрищ.
  • Alexander is my schoolmate.
  • Собáка - мой вéрный товáрищ.
  • My dog is my best friend.
  •  literal  My dog is my loyal comrade.
  • Вáня был отли́чным товáрищем.
  • Vania was a perfect friend.
  • Я отдáл конспéкты одному́ товáрищу.
  • I gave my notes to a friend of mine.
  • На съéзде нé было товáрища Смирнóва.
  • Comrade Smirnov was absent at the party congress.
  • Товáрищи! Я прошу́ тишины́! Мы начинáeм обсуждéние.
  • Comrades! Silence, please. We're starting the discussion.
  • Этих товáрищей сюдá никтó не звал.
  • These individuals were never invited.

 Idioms and set expressions:
  • товáрищ по несчácтью = companion in distress
  • товáрищ по ору́жию = companion in arms
 Related words:
  • друг = friend
  • прия́тель = friend, pal
  • знакóмый = acquaintance
  • господи́н = sir, mister
  • граждани́н = sir (old-fashioned), citizen
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Гусь свиньé не товáрищ.
  • Oil and water don't mix.
  •  literal  A goose can't be a pig's friend.
  • Пéший кóнному не товáрищ.
  • A rich can't ba a friend of a poor.
  •  literal  A pedestrian can't be a friend of a horseman.
  • Cы́тый голóдному не товáрищ.
  • A rich can't ba a friend of a poor.
  •  literal  The well-fed don't understand the hungry.
 Other forms of the word (declensions):
Case Singular Plural

Vocabulary lesson: By Russificate blog exclusively for MasterRussian

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.

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