Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "light" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.

свет

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Meaning: light, electricity, radiance, world, earth, society, people

Pronunciation: [svyet]

Part of speech: noun (masculine noun)

Rank: #205 (see frequency list)



Sunlight shines in Antelope Canyon, Arizona.
Photo by brentbat CC-BY-ND-2.0
 Example sentences:
  • Зе́ркало отража́ет свет.
  • The mirror reflects light.
  • Ско́рость све́та выше ско́рости зву́ка.
  • The speed of light is higher than the speed of sound.
  • Опя́ть нет све́та!
  • There's no electricity again!
  • Включи́, пожа́луйста, свет.
  • Turn on the light, please.
  • Доро́гу ну́жно переходи́ть то́лько на зелёный свет.
  • One must cross the road only when the green light is on.
  • Высо́кое зда́ние заслони́ло со́лнечный свет.
  • The tall building overshadowed the sunlight.
  • Есть на све́те до́брые лю́ди.
  • There are kind people on earth.
  • Моя́ мечта́ – путеше́ствовать вокру́г све́та.
  • My dream is to travel around the world.
  • Анна стра́нствует по све́ту.
  • Anna travels around the world.
  • В мое́й ко́мнате недоста́точно све́та.
  • There is not enough light in my room.
  • Санкт-Петербу́рг – са́мый краси́вый го́род на све́те.
  • St. Petersburg is the most beautiful city in the world.
  • Почему́ на свету́ карто́шка зеленее́т?
  • Why does the light turn potatoes green?
  •  literal  Why in the light potatoes turn green?
  • На све́те мно́го интере́сного.
  • There are many interesting things in the world.
  • Чте́ние при плохо́м све́те по́ртит глаза́.
  • Reading in bad light ruins your eyesight. (lit: spoils your eyes)
  • Ла́мпа дава́ла я́ркий свет.
  • The lamp gave bright light.


 Idioms and set expressions:
  • со́лнечный свет = sunlight, sunshine
  • я́ркий свет = bright light
  • мя́гкий свет = soft light
  • ту́склый свет = dim light
  • туши́ть свет = to turn off the light
  • появи́ться на свет = to be born
  • уви́деть свет = to be born, to be published
  • вокру́г све́та = round the world
  • ча́сти све́та = parts of the world
  • коне́ц све́та = the end of the world, doomsday, Apocalypse
  • ни за что на све́те! = not for the world!
  • бо́льше всего́ на све́те = above all, above everything
  • тот свет = the next world
  • руга́ть на чём свет стои́т = to curse like hell, curse a blue streak
  • весь / це́лый свет = the whole world
  • произвести́ на свет = to give birth
  • Старый / Новый свет = the Old / New World
  • бе́лый свет = the world
  • высший свет = high life
  • в све́те (+genitive) = in the light (of)
 Related words:
  • светить = to shine, give some light
  • мир = world
  • Земля = Earth
  • аристократия = aristocracy
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Cвет кли́ном не сошёлся.
  • The world is large enough.
  • На весь свет не угодишь
  • If you try to please all you will please none
  •  literal  Если стараться угодить всем, не угодишь никому
  • Большой секрет -- знает весь свет.
  • Every barber knows that. (badly-kept secret)
  • На весь свет не угодишь.
  • If you try to please all you will please none.
  • Ученье -- свет, а неученье -- тьма.
  • Better unborn than untaught.
  •  literal  Knowledge is light and ignorance is darkness.
  • Да бу́дет свет!
  • Let there be light! (The Holy Bible)
 Other forms of the word (declensions):
Case Singular Plural
Nominativeсве́т-
Genitiveсве́та, све́ту-
Dativeсве́ту-
Accusativeсве́т-
Instrumentalсве́том-
Prepositionalсве́те-
Locativeна свету́-
Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 MasterRussian.com. All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.



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Word: жить
Meaning: to live
Pronunciation: [zhit']

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