Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "be asleep" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.


Meaning: be asleep, slumber, rest, to sleep

Pronunciation: [spaht']

Part of speech: verb (imperfective aspect)

Rank: #397 (see frequency list)

Misha must sleep in the cradle. Photo by tempophage. Photo by author CC-BY-2.0
 Example sentences:
  • Ма́ша ложи́тся спать в де́вять вечера́.
  • Masha goes to bed at 9 o'clock in the evening.
  • Обы́чно я сплю на спине́.
  • I usually sleep on the back.
  • Ка́ждый день я сплю о́коло 8 часо́в.
  • Every day I sleep about eight hours.
  • Вы спи́те днём?
  • Do you sleep in the afternoon?
  • Когда́ мы пойдём спать?
  • When shall we go to bed?
  • Да́ша спит с роди́телями, потому́ что она́ ма́ленькая.
  • Dasha sleeps with her parents because she is a little baby.
  •  literal  Dasha sleeps with her parents because she is small.
  • На́ши дома́шние живо́тные всегда́ спят с на́ми.
  • Our pets always sleep with us.
  • Ви́ктор пло́хо спит.
  • Victor can't sleep well.
  •  literal  Victor sleeps badly.
  • Она́ спит с включённым све́том, потому́ что бои́тся темноты́.
  • She sleeps with the lights on because she's afraid of the darkness.
  • В де́тстве моя́ ма́ма всегда́ укла́дывала меня́ спать.
  • In childhood, my mother would always put me to bed.
  • Когда́ я сплю, то ча́сто ви́жу сны.
  • When I sleep, I often have dreams.
  •  literal  When I sleep, I often see dreams.
  • Сего́дня мы спа́ли на но́вой крова́ти.
  • We slept on the new bed today.
  • Миша до́лжен спать в колыбе́ли.
  • Misha must sleep in the cradle.
  • Почему́ ты не спишь?
  • Why are you not sleeping?
  • Комары́ не дава́ли нам спать всю ночь.
  • Mosquitoes wouldn't let us sleep all night.
  •  literal  Mosquitoes [were] not letting us sleep all night.

 Verb conjugation:

Present Tense

I сплю́
you (singular) спи́шь
he, she, it спи́т
we спи́м
you (plural) спи́те
they спя́т

Past Tense

I, you (singular), he спа́л
she спала́
it спа́ло
we, you (plural), they спа́ли

Future Simple Tense

The imperfective verb спать is not used in the Future Simple Tense. Use the perfective verb поспать instead.

Future Compound Tense

I буду спа́ть
you (singular) будешь спа́ть
he, she, it будет спа́ть
we будем спа́ть
you (plural) будете спа́ть
they будут спа́ть

Imperative Mood (Command Form)

you (singular) спи́
you (plural) спи́те

View full conjugation table for the verb pair спать/поспать

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.

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Russian: Свежее пиво в кегах
English: Fresh beer in kegs


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