Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "Christmas" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.


Meaning: Christmas, Xmas

Pronunciation: [ruhzh-dees-TVOH]

Part of speech: noun (The word "Рождество" is written with the capital letter. In Russia, Christmas is celebrated on January 7th Gregorian, which corresponds to December 25th according to the "Old Style" Julian calendar.)

Christmas tree with candlelight.
Photo by Malene, licensed under CC-SA2.5

 Example sentences:
  • С Рождество́м!
  • Merry Christmas!
  • Рождество́ в Росси́и пра́зднуется 7 января́.
  • In Russia, Christmas is celebrated on January 7th.
  • В за́падных стра́нах Рождество́ пра́зднуется 25 декабря́.
  • In Western countries, Christmas is celebrated on December 25th.
  • Ёлка и пода́рки -- си́мволы Рождества́.
  • The fir-tree and presents are the symbols of Christmas.
  • В Росси́и и други́х стра́нах бы́вшего СССР, Но́вый год явля́ется бо́лее популя́рным пра́здником, чем Рождество́.
  • In Russia and other countries of the former USSR, the New Year holiday is more popular than Christmas.
  • Поздравля́ю тебя́ с Рождество́м!
  • Merry Christmas! (informal)
  •  literal  [I] congratulate you with Christmas
  • Мы наряди́ли ёлку накану́не Рождества́.
  • We decorated the Christmas tree on the Christmas eve.
  • На Рождество́ при́нято запека́ть гу́ся с я́блоками.
  • It is common to bake a goose with apples for Christmas.

 Idioms and set expressions:
  • накануне Рождества = on the Christmas eve
  • канун Рождества = Christmas Eve
  • Рождество Христово = Christmas
      literal  Christ's mass
  • на Рождество = for Christmas
  • С Рождество́м! = Merry Christmas!
      literal  with Christmas
  • Поздравля́ю с Рождество́м! = Merry Christmas!
      literal  [I] congratulate with Christmas
 Related words:
  • рожде́ственский = (adjective) Christmas
  • Иису́с Христо́с = Jesus Christ
  • пра́здник = holiday
  • христиани́н = (noun) a Christian
  • це́рковь = church
  • поздравля́ть = to congratulate
  • ёлка = fir-tree, Christmas tree
  • Но́вый год = New Year
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Рождество раз в год бывает.
  • Christmas comes but once a year.
 Other forms of the word (declensions):
Case Singular Plural
Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.

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