Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "call" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.

называть

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Meaning: call, name

Pronunciation: [nah-zih-VAHT']

Part of speech: verb (imperfective aspect)

Rank: #356 (see frequency list)



In my family, everybody calls me Magdalena.
Photo by puresolitude CC-BY-2.0
 Example sentences:
  • В cемьé все назывáют меня́ Магдалéной.
  • In my family, everybody calls me Magdalena.
  • Тебя́ назывáли в шкóле ботáником?
  • Did they call you a nerd at school?
  • Почему́ ты называ́ешь меня́ так?
  • Why do you call me like that?
  • Называ́йте себя́, пожа́луйста.
  • Identify yourselves, please.
  •  literal  Name yourselves, please.
  • Как вы э́то называ́ете по-ру́сски?
  • What do you call it in Russian?
  • Они́ не хоте́ли называ́ть день сва́дьбы.
  • They didn't want to announce the wedding day.
  •  literal  They didn't want to name the wedding day.
  • Он всë вре́мя называ́ет бе́лое чёрным.
  • He always calls white black.
  • Дава́йте не бу́дем называ́ть имëн.
  • Let's not tell the names.
  •  literal  Let's not name the names.
  • "Лузер" - так обы́чно называ́ют неуда́чников.
  • Unlucky people are normally called losers.


 Idioms and set expressions:
  • называ́ть себя́ = identify oneself
      literal  name oneself
  • называ́ть ве́щи свои́ми имена́ми = call things by their proper names
  • не называ́я имён = without naming names
  • так называ́емый = so called
 Related words:
  • назвать = name, call
  • назвáние = name of an object
 Verb conjugation:

Present Tense

I называ́ю
you (singular) называ́ешь
he, she, it называ́ет
we называ́ем
you (plural) называ́ете
they называ́ют

Past Tense

I, you (singular), he называ́л
she называ́ла
it называ́ло
we, you (plural), they называ́ли

Future Simple Tense

The imperfective verb называть is not used in the Future Simple Tense. Use the perfective verb назвать instead.


Future Compound Tense

I буду называ́ть
you (singular) будешь называ́ть
he, she, it будет называ́ть
we будем называ́ть
you (plural) будете называ́ть
they будут называ́ть

Imperative Mood (Command Form)

you (singular) называ́й
you (plural) называ́йте

View full conjugation table for the verb pair называть/назвать

Vocabulary lesson: By Russificate blog exclusively for MasterRussian

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 MasterRussian.com. All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.



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