Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "this" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.

этот

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Meaning: this, that, these

Pronunciation: [EH-tuht]

Part of speech: pronoun

Rank: #30 (see frequency list)



This souvenir is very beautiful.
Photo by Jeff Belmonte, licensed under CC GA 2.0
 Example sentences:
  • В э́том году́ мне бу́дет 21 год.
  • This year I'll be turning 21.
  •  literal  In this year to me will be 21 year.
  • Он не мог реши́ть э́ту зада́чу.
  • He couldn't solve this problem.
  • Э́то яйцо́ свежее, а э́то испо́рченное.
  • This egg is fresh, and this one is rotten.
  • Этот сувени́р óчень краси́вый.
  • This souvenir is very beautiful.
  • Этот дом большóй, а тот - мáленький.
  • This house is big and the other one is small.
  • В э́том году́ зимá былá холóдная.
  • The winter was cold this year.
  • Я ужe говори́л с э́тим человéком.
  • I've already talked to this person.
  • Эта поéздка былá сли́шком дорогáя.
  • This trip was too expensive.
  • На э́той недéле мы óчень зáняты.
  • We're too busy this week.
  • Вот э́ту карти́ну мы купи́ли на вы́ставке, а ту - у худóжника.
  • We bought this painting at an exhibition and that one from a painter.
  • Супермáркет был и́менно на э́той у́лице.
  • The supermarket was exactly on this street.
  • Это óчень опácно!
  • This is very dangerous!
  • Мне э́то нра́вится!
  • I like that!
  •  literal  To me this pleases!
  • Какóe у Вас к э́тому отношéние?
  • What do you think about it?
  •  literal  What is your actitude towards it?
  • Эти су́мки плохóго кáчества.
  • These bags are of a bad quality.
  • Эти компью́теры совремéнные, а те - уже стáрые.
  • These computers are modern and those are already old.
  • Я никогдá не ви́дел э́тих людéй.
  • I've never seen these people.
  • С э́тими вопрócами обращáйтесь к дирéктору.
  • You have to speak to the director about these issues.
  •  literal  You have to apply to the director with these questions.
  • Мы бы́ли в óтпуске, а в э́то врéмя в кварти́ре дéлали ремóнт.
  • We were on holidays, and meanwhile they were remodeling our flat.
  • Мне нра́вится э́то пла́тье.
  • I like this dress.


 Idioms and set expressions:
  • при всём э́том = in spite of all this
  • при э́том = in addition, besides
  • в э́том рóде = something like that
  • на э́тот раз = this time, for (this) once
  • не без э́того = it's really like that
  • при э́том = besides
 Related words:
  • поэ́тому = so, that is why
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Это дóлгая песня.
  • That's a long story.
  •  literal  That's a long song.
  • Совéт да любóвь, на э́том свет стои́т.
  • Advice and love, the world is based on it.
  • Об э́том уже и собáки не лáют.
  • Everybody knows about it.
  •  literal  Dogs don't bark about it anymore.
 Other forms of the word (declensions):
case
singular
plural
masculine
neuter
feminine
Nominative
этот
это
эта
эти
Genitive
этого
этого
этой
этих
Dative
этому
этому
этой
этим
Accusative
(anim/inanim)
этого/
этот
это
эту
этих/
эти
Instrumental
этим
этим
этой
этими
Prepositional
этом
этом
этой
этих

Vocabulary lesson: By Russificate blog exclusively for MasterRussian

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 MasterRussian.com. All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.



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