Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "hold" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.


Meaning: hold, keep, store

Pronunciation: [deer-ZHAHT']

Part of speech: verb (imperfective aspect, no pair)

Rank: #350 (see frequency list)

When will you learn to hold a fork correctly?
Photo by hudsonthego CC-BY-2.0
 Example sentences:
  • Мáльчик держáл в рукé шоколáдку.
  • The boy was holding a chocolate bar in his hand.
  • Когдá ты нау́чишься прáвильно держáть ви́лку?
  • When will you learn to hold a fork correctly?
  • Вот дéньги, держи́!
  • Take, here is the money!
  •  literal  Here is the money, hold!
  • Держи́те егó! Он укрáл у меня́ кошелëк.
  • Hold him! He has stolen my purse!
  • Отпусти́те егó, не держи́те!
  • Let him go, don't hold him!
  • Cкажи́те, что вас здесь дéржит?
  • Say, what keeps you here?
  • Варéнье нáдо держáть в холоди́льнике.
  • Home-made marmalade has to be kept in the fridge.
  •  literal  It is necessary to keep home-made mermalade in the fridge.
  • Ни в кóeм cлу́чае нельзя́ держáть дéньги в э́том бáнке: он ненадëжный.
  • By no means is it possible to keep money in this bank: it is unrealible.
  • Где вы дéржите вáшу собáку: онá ведь такáя большáя?
  • Where do you keep your dog, because it is so big?
  • Мы вас не дéржим, мóжете уходи́ть!
  • We are not holding you, you can go!
  •  literal  We are not keeping you here, you can go!
  • Они́ держáли его в тюрьмé дécять лет без судá.
  • They kept him in prison for ten years without a trial.
  • Лéтом лу́чше держáть óкна откры́тыми.
  • It is better to keep windows open in summer.

 Idioms and set expressions:
  • Держи́те его! = Hold him!
  • Держи́те вóрa = Stop the thief!
      literal  Hold the thief!
  • держáть в тюрьмé когó-ли́бо = keep smb in prison
  • держáть в тáйне = keep secret
  • держáть в пáмяти = keep in one's memory
  • держáть в пóле зрéния = keep an eye on
  • держáть путь = head (for), make (for)
  • держáть курс = head (for)
  • держáть себя́ = behave
      literal  hold oneself
  • держáть себя́ в рукáх = control oneself
  • держáть своë cлóво = keep one's word
  • держáть язы́к за зубáми = hold one's tongue
  • Так держáть! = Keep it up!
 Related words:
  • содержáть = contain, keep, maintain
  • поддержáть = support
  • задержáться = be late
  • держáться = hold on to
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • По прихóду и расхóд дéржат.
  • The money you spend depends on the money you earn.
  • Держи́ гóлову в хóлоде, живóт - в гóлоде, а нóги - в теплé.
  • Keep your head cold, your stomach hungry and your legs warm.
  • Держи́ копéeчку, чтоб не укати́лась.
  • Don't waste money in vain.
  •  literal  Keep your kopek, so it doesn't roll away.

Vocabulary lesson: By Russificate blog exclusively for MasterRussian

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.

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Russian: Свежее пиво в кегах
English: Fresh beer in kegs


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