Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "black" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.


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Meaning: black, dirty

Pronunciation: [CHYOHR-niy]

Part of speech: adjective (Also see #456)

Rank: #333 (see frequency list)

We had a black cat.
Photo by eschipul CC-BY-SA-2.0
 Example sentences:
  • У нас былá чëрная кóшка.
  • We had a black cat.
  • Я хочу́ купи́ть чëрное плáтье.
  • I want to buy a black dress.
  • Ты лю́бишь чëрный хлеб?
  • Do you like brown bread?
  •  literal  Do you like black bread?
  • Я не могу́ жить без чëрного кóфе.
  • I can't live without black coffee.
  • Нéбо бы́ло чëрным от туч.
  • The sky was black with clouds.
  •  literal  The sky was black from clouds.
  • Настóйка сдéлана из чëрной сморóдины.
  • The liquer was made of black currant.
  • Иногдá я пью чëрный чай с молокóм.
  • I sometimes drink black tea with milk.
  • Нефть назывáют чëрным зóлотом.
  • Oil is called black gold.
  •  literal  They call oil black gold.
  • Рубáшка былá чëрной, как сáжа.
  • The shirt was black (dirty) as soot.
  • Он приéхал с ю́га весь чëрный.
  • He came from the south really suntanned.
  •  literal  He came from the south all black.
  • Ты купи́л э́то на чëрном ры́нке?
  • Did you buy that at the black market?
  • Похóже, для нас наступи́ли чëрный дни.
  • It seems that we're going through rainy days.
  •  literal  It seems that black days have come for us.
  • Он увлекáлся чëрной мáгией.
  • He was fond of black magic.
  • Онá бы́стро сбежáла по чëрной лécтнице.
  • She quickly ran down the backstairs.
  • Как ты отнócишься к чëрному ю́мору?
  • What is your opinion about black humour?
  •  literal  What is your attitude to black humour?

 Idioms and set expressions:
  • занести́ в чёрный спи́сок = put on a blacklist
  • чёрный ю́мор = black humour
  • чёрный я́щик = black box
  • чёрная дырá = black hole
  • чёрная зáвисть = green with envy
      literal  black envy
  • чёрная кошка пробежáла (мéжду) = there is a coolness (between)
  • чёрная мáгия = black magic
  • чёрная металлурги́я = ferrous metallurgy
      literal  black metallurgy
  • чёрное духовéнство = the regular clergy
      literal  black clergy
  • чёрные метáллы = ferrous metals
      literal  black metals
  • выдавáть чёрное за бéлое = call black white
  • держáть в чёрном тéле кого-либо = keep smb on short rations
      literal  keep smb in black body
  • отклáдывать на чёрный день = put by for a rainy day
      literal  put by for a black day
  • предстáвить дéло в чёрном свéте = represent an affair pеssimisticly
      literal  represent an affair in black light
  • чëрно-бéлый фильм = black-and-white movie
  • чёрное дéрево = ebony
      literal  black tree
  • чёрная рабóта = dirty work
      literal  black work
  • чёрное сéрдце = black heart
  • чёрный ры́нок = black market
  • чёрный пéрец = black pepper
 Related words:
  • чернови́к = rough copy
  • черноволócый = black-haired
  • черноглáзый = dark-eyed
  • тëмный = dark
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Береги́ дéнежку на чëрный день.
  • Put the money by for a rainy day.
  •  literal  Put the money by for a black day.
  • Чëрного кобеля́ не вы́моешь добелá.
  • One can't make a good person of a bad one.
  •  literal  A black dog can't be washed to white.

Vocabulary lesson: By Russificate blog exclusively for MasterRussian

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.

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