Russian Vocabulary (and Wisdom)

How to say "throw" in Russian

This Russian word is one of the top 1000 words in Russian. The complete list of most common Russian words is available here.


Meaning: throw, leave, give up

Pronunciation: [BROH-seet']

Part of speech: verb (perfective aspect)

Rank: #367 (see frequency list)

A girl threw the ball to me.
Photo by nlnnet CC-BY-SA-2.0
 Example sentences:
  • Дéвочка бро́сила мне мяч.
  • A girl threw the ball to me.
  • Ты уже́ бро́сил письмо́ в почто́вый я́щик?
  • Have you already dropped the letter into the mailbox?
  • Она́ бро́сила тру́бку со зло́сти.
  • She hang up angrily.
  •  literal  She hang up from fury.
  • Фу, сейча́с же брось э́ту га́дость!
  • Ugh, throw this nasty thing immediately!
  • Он бро́сил сви́тер на стул.
  • He threw his sweater on the chair.
  • Пира́тов бро́сили в тюрьму́.
  • The pirates were put to jail.
  •  literal  The pirates were thrown to jail.
  • Пять лёт наза́д она́ его́ бро́сила.
  • She left him five years ago.
  • Ты что же, бро́сил кури́ть?
  • You gave up smoking, didn't you?
  • Бро́сьте! Каки́е же э́то пробле́мы!
  • Oh, come on! These are not problems at all!
  •  literal  Throw it! What kind of problems are these?
  • Я никогда́ не бро́шу друзе́й в беде́.
  • I'll never leave my friends in trouble.
  • Андре́й бро́сил учёбу и пошёл рабо́тать.
  • Andrey gave up his studies and started working.
  •  literal  Andrey threw his studies and went to work.
  • А ты бы бро́сил свою́ семью́ в тако́й ситуа́ции?
  • Would you be able to leave your family in such a situation?
  • От не́рвов его́ бро́сило в пот.
  • He started sweating due to anxiety.

 Idioms and set expressions:
  • бро́сить кури́ть = give up smoking
  • бро́сить пить = give up drinking
  • бро́сить я́корь = drop an anchor
  • бро́сить тру́бку = hang up
  • бро́сить взгляд = cast a glance
  • бро́сить семью́ = leave a family
  • брось! = stop it!
  • бро́сить ка́мень в кого-либо = cast a stone at smb
  • бро́сить ка́мень в чей-либо огоро́д = cast a stone at smb
      literal  cast a stone into one's garden
  • бро́сить в тюрьму́ = cast into jail
  • бро́сить вы́зов = challenge
      literal  throw a challenge
 Related words:
  • бросáть = throw, leave, give up
  • перестáть = stop, give up
  • положи́ть = put
  • вы́бросить = throw out
  • вы́кинуть = throw out
 Proverbs and sayings:
  • Брось псу кусо́к - так не ла́ет.
  • One can arrange everything with money.
  •  literal  If you throw a piece to a dog, it won't bark.
  • Вещь ве́щи рознь, а ину́ю - хоть брось.
  • Things are quite different, and some of them can be thrown out.
  • Плохо́й муж - что чемода́н без ру́чки: нести́ тяжело́, а бро́сить жа́лко.
  • Bad husband is like a suitcase without handle: it's heavy, but it's a pity to throw it away.
 Verb conjugation:

Present Tense

The perfective verb бросить is not used in the Present Tense. Use the imperfective verb бросать instead.

Past Tense

I, you (singular), he бро́сил
she бро́сила
it бро́сило
we, you (plural), they бро́сили

Future Simple Tense

I бро́шу
you (singular) бро́сишь
he, she, it бро́сит
we бро́сим
you (plural) бро́сите
they бро́сят

Future Compound Tense

The perfective verb бросить is not used in the Future Compound Tense. Use the imperfective verb бросать instead.

Imperative Mood (Command Form)

you (singular) бро́сь
you (plural) бро́сьте

View full conjugation table for the verb pair бросать/бросить

Vocabulary lesson: By Russificate blog exclusively for MasterRussian

Phrase recordings: Copyright(c) 2011 All rights reserved.
Word recordings: Copyright(c) 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas. Copyright(c) 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY.

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Word: бывать
Meaning: to be, be sometimes, go to see (somebody)
Pronunciation: [byh-VAHT']
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Russian: Свежее пиво в кегах
English: Fresh beer in kegs


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