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It may seem unusual, but Russians tend to understand such greetings as "Hi! How are you?" literally. If you greet your Russian friends this way you will most likely hear them talking about how they feel or what's new.
Greeting is a must to be polite and friendly. The ways you can greet in Russian are numerous and it depends on a situation which greeting should be used.
Здравствуйте is polite and formal. Use it when you meet people first time or talk to elder people. Less formal form of здравствуйте is здравствуй.
утро (Good morning)
Добрый день (Good afternoon)
Добрый вечер (Good evening)
These greetings are similar to здравствуйте except for the fact that they are used at different time of the day.
Привет is popular among friends and peers. Привет followed by Как дела? (How are things?) or Как жизнь? (How's life?) usually means that the speaker wants to elaborate the conversation.
Уважаемый... (Dear...) to a male
Уважаемая... (Dear...) to a female
Уважаемые... (Dear...) to several people
These greetings are standard beginnings of letters.
Sooner of later, greetings mean saying good bye. Below is a table to help you choose the right farewell depending on how you greeted.
Note: you can listen to Russian greetings here
|If a greeting was...||A farewell should be...|
|С уважением, [your name]|
Ask them in the Russian Questions and Answers — a place for students, teachers and native Russian speakers to discuss Russian grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and other aspects of the Russian language.
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