The Prepositional Case

Just like the name implies, the prepositional case is always used with prepositions in the sentences like "Я говорю... о доме, о маме, об окне" (I talk ... about house, about mother, about window) and "Он находится... в доме, в пути" (He is... in a house, in the way).

When to use the Prepositional

1. The prepositional case is used to designate the place. The nouns answering the question "where" are often used with the prepositions в and на.

Где ты был?
Where have you been?
  Я был в школе.
I have been at school.

2. The prepositional case is also used to designate the person or object being talked or thought about. Thus, the prepositional case is used after the preposition o with the verbs like говорить, думать.

Думать о семье.

Говорить о погоде.

 - 

 - 

To think about a family.

To talk about the weather.

3. The prepositional case is used with names of the months to designate time.

Это было в мае.  -  This was in May.

How to form the Prepositional

The prepositional is formed from the nominative singular nouns with the help of the following endings: -e, -и, -у, -ю (singular); -ax, -яx (plural). You will generally need to remove the last letter from the nominative singular noun and add one of these endings.

The tables below sum up how the prepositional of nouns is formed.

The prepositional of singular nouns

   Nominative singular  Remove   Add   Prepositional 
masculine
брат
чай
папа
санаторий
сад
--
й
а
й
--
е
е
е
и
у
(о) брате
(о) чае
(о) папе
(о) санатории
(в) саду
neuter окно
море
открытие
о
е
е
е
е
и
(об) окне
(о) море
(об) открытии
feminine ночь
вода
ь
а
и
е
(о) ночи
(о) воде

Explanation of the table:

All feminine nouns ending in -ь, -ие, neuter nouns ending in -ие, as well as masculine nouns ending in -ий get the new ending in the prepositional case. Some masculine nouns end in -у, -ю in the prepositional when used after the prepositions в and на.

For example: в саду, на краю, на берегу.

After the preposition o (about) the same nouns get the ending in the prepositional.

For example: о саде, о крае, о береге.

The prepositional of plural nouns

   Nominative singular  Remove   Add   Prepositional plural
 masculine  мост
гость
край
учитель
--
ь
й
ь
ах
ях
ях
ях
(о) мостах
(в) гостях
(о) краях
(о) учителях
neuter окно
море
о
е
ах
ях
(в) окнах
(о) морях
feminine коса
стая
а
я
ах
ях
(о) косах
(о) стаях

Got questions?

Ask them in the Russian Questions and Answers — a place for students, teachers and native Russian speakers to discuss Russian grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and other aspects of the Russian language.



















Copyright 2001-2016 MasterRussian.com | Privacy Policy | Contact Us

 Learn Russian every day for free! 
 Clicks the "Like" button below to get daily updates on Facebook!
Click "Add to circles" to learn Russian on Google+



 Search MasterRussian

Custom Search

English » Russian dictionary



Like MasterRussian on Facebook


WORD OF THE DAY
 RSS | iGoogle | My Yahoo!

Word: войти
Meaning: enter, get into, come in
Pronunciation: [vigh-TEE]

Learn Russian words! »



TODAY'S STREET SIGN



Russian: Театр кукол
English: Puppet theater


FOLLOW US ON TWITTER


MasterRussian on Twitter