Subjunctive and Imperative Mood

The verbs of imperative mood designate inducement to an action, order, appeal, advice or wish.

Не ходи туда.
Don't go there.

Пожалуйста, спойте нам песню.

Please, sing us a song.

The verbs of imperative mood change in number (учись - учитесь; читай - читайте)

Adding the suffix to the base of a future-tense verb forms the singular imperative verb.

изогнут --> изогни
войдут --> войди

Adding the ending -те to the singular imperative verb form forms the plural imperative verb.

войти --> войдите
изогни --> изогните

The imperative mood can also be formed with the help of particles пусть, пускай, да.

Пускай идут побыстрее.
Let them go quicker.

Пусть он меня отпустит.

Let him set me free.

Да скажи ты ей где лежит книга.
Well, tell her where the book is.

Remember:

In the end of imperative verbs, the letter "ь" is to be written after consonants. The "ь" remains even before "-ся" and "-те". For example: назначь, назначьте, готовься, готовьтесь.
Exceptions: ляг, лягте, приляг, прилягте.

Test yourself:

a) How is the subjunctive mood formed?

1. with the help of particle "бы"
2. with the help of personal endings


b) How is the imperative mood formed?

1. with the help of particle "бы"
2. with the help of personal endings
3. by adding the suffix "-и" to the base of a future-tense verb


c) Find the verbs which must have the letter "ь" in the end.

1. отреж__
2. ляг__
3. съеш__







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